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INFLUENCE OF SYNTHESIS PARAMETERS ON MORPHOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF ALUMINUM(III)-PILLARED BENTONITES


ANA-MARIA GEORGESCU 1*, FRANÇOISE NARDOU 2, ILEANA DENISA NISTOR 1
1. ”Vasile Alecsandri” University of Bacău, Faculty of Engineering, Chemical and Food Engineering Department, 157 Calea Mărăşeşti Street, 600115 Bacău, Romania
2. University of Limoges / CEC, SPCTS, UMR 7315 CNRS, 12 Rue Atlantis, 87068 Limoges Cedex, France
*Corresponding author: ana.georgescu@ub.ro

Issue:

SCSCC6, Volume XVII, No. 3

Section:

Volume 17, No. 3 (2016)

Abstract:

Al-pillared interlayered clays (Al-PILCs) have been prepared from Romanian natural calcium bentonite (Orasu Nou deposit) and the effect of some parameters on the morphological properties has been investigated. The synthesis of Al-pillared bentonite consists in the following five steps: bentonite purification, ionic exchange of bentonite with Cu(II) ions, preparation of pillaring agent, intercalation of ionic exchanged bentonite with pillaring agent and calcination. The pillared clays present a rigid structure, a high thermal stability given by the oxido-metallic pillars formed after calcination. The raw material and the obtained nanomaterials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The intercalation of the Al-polyhydroxocations into the interlayer of montmorillonite strongly modified the morphology of the Al-PILCs. The material with the best characteristics will be chosen in the aim of its using in liquid effluents remediation.

Keywords:

Al(III)-pillaring, calcination, calcium bentonite, SEM-EDX, TEM.

Code [ID]:

CSCC6201603V03S01A0004 [0004451]

Full paper:

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