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SUGGESTIONS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF SOME SPONTANEOUS PLANTS GROWING ON ROMANIAN TERRITORY, CONTAINING NATURAL COMPOUNDS OF THERAPEUTIC INTEREST


MILIAN GURĂU
„Vasile Alecsandri” University of Bacău, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Protection, Mărăşeşti Street no. 157, Bacau, Romania, e-mail: milian_gurau@yahoo.com

Issue:

SCSB, Number 1, Volume XXV

Section:

Volume 25, No. 1

Abstract:

Over the past decades, there has been a fashionable interest in phytotherapy. Hence, the chances of solving health problems have increased and a great diversity of species and substances have been made known. The current paper presents a comparative analysis of the medicinal flora of the 80s with the one of 2015, resulting in discovering no less than 150 species which are not present in „Farmacia naturii” written in 1976-1977. The Medicinal Flora of India comprises more than 2000 species, of which 210 are spread in both Europe and Asia. These species also grow in Romania (over 25% according to the last updating), but 40 are not known yet to Romanians, who are familiar only with related species with less currency in the area such as: Ceratophyllum demersum, Descurainia sophia, Pyrola rotundifolia, Pulicaria dysenterica, Rumex maritimum, Stellaria aquatica, Polygonatum verticillatum, Sisymbrium loeseli(the seeds contain erucic acid), Scutellaria galericulata, Viola reichenbackiana, Viola biflora, etc. The dictionary of flavonoids includes nearly 20,000 worldwide substances, whereas our paper recorded almost 300 species of flowering plants and 13 species of bryophytes present on our territory. By comparing the lists of Farmacia naturii 1977-1978, we found 135 new species, which have been only sporadically studied over the last 2 decades. We do not know the quantitative values although some species have a high number of substances, so we bring to attention some rare protected species, from which such substances should be collected only if the rare plants of therapeutic interest are cultivated. Unless we do this, we risk destroying in a couple of decades the diversity of the medicinal species.

Keywords:

unknown medicinal plants, Romanian flora.

Code [ID]:

SCSB201601V25S01A0019 [0004583]

Note:

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