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1. Vegetable Research and Development Station, Bacau, Calea Barladului, Street, no. 220, Romania, e-mail: creola.brezeanu@yahoo.com
2. University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture Iasi, Aleea Mihail Sadoveanu, no. 3, IaƟi, Romñnia e-mail: teorobu@uaiasi.ro


SCSB, Number 1, Volume XX


Volume 20, No. 1 - Vegetal Biology


Phaseolus aureus Roxb. was cultivated on much smaller area than the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and it was practically less studied in Romania. Synonymous are: Vigna radiata var. radiate, Phaseolus radiatus, Phaseolus trilobatus and Phaseolus trinervatus. It is also known as the mash bean, Asian bean, mung bean, golden gram and green gram. Cultivation of this species is not very interesting due to less economic interest.

Regarding the increasing demand for consumption of mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek synonym Phaseolus aureus Roxb.) there are two different tendency:(1) use in diet of the poor supplying a substantial portion of protein to the cereal (in Pakistan) and (2): using in the world's most demanding kitchens due to the high sprouting capacity and to the high protein content.

The increasing consumption of this species it is known in United States of America and Australia Phaseolus aureus can represent a healthy and successfully alternative to consumption of other Phaseolus species.

Due to high degree of resistance at drought and pest attack the species represent a very valuable material in breeding. In the present study we focused on a presentation of cultivation history of the species, importance, the main risk factors, morphological aspects, environment requirements, used practices of culture, potential yield.

This paper represents a first step of an extensive study aims to test the suitability of this species to environmental conditions of the area of Moldova in conventional and ecological system culture.


importance, origin and systematic, botanical, biological features, suitability.

Code [ID]:

SCSB20112001V20S01A0001 [0003678]

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